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Project Warning on Crime (WOC) HOME/2012/ISEC/AG
The issues addressed by Project WOC
- lack of common legal rules among the Member States on the prevention of criminal infiltration in the legitimate economy, in particular in public works;
- lack of common warning mechanisms among the Member States useful to identify the risks of criminal infiltration due to weak legislation, administrative procedures, etc.;
- lack of a public debate among EU citizens on the risks related to the criminal infiltration in public work.
The Objectives of Project WOC
Nowadays, the EU financial intervention in major public works is fundamental. This means that the relationship between public procurements and the EU financial interest is getting stronger and stronger. As the protection of the UE public money is a solidarity interest at a higher level, different from the sum of the MS’ national interests, the EU policy on this matter must be truly effective. As a matter of fact, the present situation offers many opportunities to organized crime, especially due to the differences between legislations and warning systems among EU MSs that creates a high risk of OC penetration. As a result, the general, long-term objective of the project is the protection of the economy against criminal infiltration in EU major public works and the improvement of EU citizens’ awareness on the issue.
The project has two specific objectives:
- to identify the strengths and the weaknesses of the standing legislation and administrative procedures among the EU MSs;
- to propose a set of recommendations and warning mechanisms.
The Project WOC started in March 2014 and last two years.
It will carry out the following activities:
- three background analysis on the (a) EU legislative framework (present and under discussion) on public procurement and fight against OC; (b) modus operandi of the OC infiltration in legitimate economy; (c) public discourse at European level on OC infiltration in legitimate economy;
- a Case Study on Turin-Lyon high-speed railroad major work. This activity works for rebuild the history of opera from the point of view of prevention and fight against crime, aiming to identify the strengths and weaknesses in order to prevent criminal infiltration and corruption;
- a comparative study on legislation and administrative procedures of 28 MS.
A final international meeting will be organized in Turin to present the main results of the project.
WS 0 – Management and coordination of the project
This workstream includes all activities involving the coordination, financial management and the administration of the different actions of the project. During the kick off meeting, a complete schedule of the project planning and management, distribution of the different tasks, organization of the actions, has been agreed.
No public deliverables are foreseen for this workstream.
WS 1 – Background analysis
The background analysis aims to describe the state of knowledge on three different fields: (a) EU legislative framework (present and under discussion) on public procurement and fight against OC; (b) modus operandi of the OC infiltration in legitimate economy; (c) public discourse at European level on OC infiltration in legitimate economy.
1. Working paper on EU legislative framework;
2. Working paper on organised crime modus operandi;
3. Working paper: “Public discourse on OC and corruption in Europe: does it exists?”
WS 2 – Case study Turin-Lyon high-speed railroad
This case study aims to analyse the history of this public work from the point of view of the prevention and fight against OC, in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of legal rules and procedures. The Turin-Lyon high-speed railroad has been chosen because it is a transnational major public work. Moreover, in the European scenario, Italy, due to the specificity of its context, adopted rules, administrative procedures and bodies of control.
1. The History of the high-speed railroad;
2. Italian legal rules and procedures on public procurement and prevention of organised crime infiltration;
3. French legal rules and procedures on public procurement and prevention of corruption and organised crime infiltration;
4. The High-speed railway and the prevention of economic crimes, corruption and organised crime.
WS 3 – Comparative study
The comparative study aims to improve the knowledge of the strengths and the weaknesses of the legislation and administrative procedures in the 28 MS. The research tool will be a questionnaire.
1. a comparative research report;
2. a final Conference in Turin, addressed to policy makers, scholars, experts, legal practitioners and general public;
3. a conference at the EU Parliament addressed to the European institutions and EU stakeholders.
WS 4 – Dissemination
The dissemination of the activities, the research results, the conferences and presentations, will take place during the Project. This website will show all the results.
Preventing and Combatting Crime in Public Procurement – Final Report
The Final Report of “Warning on Crime” Project contains the results of the comparative analysis among 25 Member States on the issue of criminal infiltration in public procurement. The report reflects on four main aspects: the available legal framework on countering illegality in public procurement; the assessment of vulnerability of the public procurement life-cycle; the preventive systems put in place in MSs, and the control measures envisaged in post-award phase.
Download the report in English, Italian and French
Publication List – Repository
This repository contains publications on criminal infiltration in public procurement in the EU and Member States.
Case Law – Repository
This repository gathers judicial cases on criminal infiltration in public procurement in Member States.
These profiles contain information on the issue of criminal infiltration in public procurement in Member States. Click on the country of your interest.
Download the country profiles files
Download the country profiles files